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Regional Adventures: Macao, China

December 7, 2013
Macao skyline, China

Macao skyline, China

Macao is one of two special administrative regions of the People’s Republic of China. The other is Hong Kong. Macao is run under the policy of “One Country, Two Systems” which means that although they are part of the People’s Republic of China, Macao maintains its own legal system, police force, monetary system, customs policy, and immigration policy. However the PRC’s Central People’s Government is responsible for the territory’s defense and foreign affairs. Macau participates in many international organizations and events that do not require members to possess national sovereignty as well.

Macao, China

Macao, China

The Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration and the Basic Law, Macau’s constitution promulgated by China’s National People’s Congress in 1993, specify that Macau’s social and economic system, lifestyle, rights, and freedoms are to remain unchanged for at least 50 years after the transfer of sovereignty to China in 1999.

"One Country, Two Systems" - The PRC flag alongside of Macao's flag.

“One Country, Two Systems” – The PRC flag alongside of Macao’s flag.

Under the principle of “one country, two systems”, Macau enjoys a high degree of autonomy in all areas except in defense and foreign affairs. Macau officials, rather than PRC officials, run Macau through the exercise of separate executive, legislative, and judicial powers, as well as the right to final adjudication. Macau also maintains its own separate currency, customs territory, and immigration and border controls. [Source: Wikipedia]

Alto de Coloane, the highest point in Macao

Alto de Coloane, the highest point in Macao

Macau Peninsula was originally an island, but a connecting sandbar gradually turned into a narrow isthmus, thus changing Macau into a peninsula. Land reclamation in the 17th century transformed Macau into a peninsula with generally flat terrain, though numerous steep hills still mark the original land mass. Alto de Coloane is the highest point in Macau, with an altitude of 170.6 metres (559.7 ft). With a dense urban environment, Macau has no arable land, pastures, forest, or woodland.

Venetian Casion, Macao, China

Venetian Casino, Macao, China

Macao’s economy is primarily based on tourism and gambling. With a quick glance around one is bound to find a casino of choice within walking distance of where you are standing. Other economic sources include manufacturing, textiles, and financial  services.

If you would like to read my City Hopper: Macao, China blog from February 17, 2013 then CLICK HERE!

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  1. City Hopper: Shanghai, China | The Swiss Rock

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